The BFC pitches the Planners

Latest in a series of posts on the Bethlehem Food Co-Op

Visit the BFC site location: 250 E. Broad St.
planned opening 2022
Have you joined yet? Click here.

The Bethlehem Food Co-Op showed up at the Planning Commission last week to do the Dance of Variances and so forth, but before the business the Commission was treated to two short talks that they and perhaps you will find interesting and informative.

Gadfly thinks the BFC was trying to do some sellin’.!

He imagines a table set up in the lobby of Town Hall.


Elliot Nolter, Co-Op secretary, shared some info about the site search, which began in 2017.

The market analysis identified a trade area of 145,000 (?) population and up to about an 8 mile commute, the need for 45,000sq.ft. of space, a minimum of 25 parking spaces (parking has a direct impact on sales), and a lower than average household income.

The location chosen at 250 E. Broad was ideal for such reasons as good parking, on a main thoroughfare, in a location of low fresh food access (though no longer considered a food desert), within walking distance of thousands of households, accessible public transportation, good visibility to vehicles and pedestrians, ample space, and a new building without need of retrofitting an older one.

Interesting facts: 265 current members live within a one mile radius and 8500-9000 households within a mile radius.


Toby Massey, a consultant, gave such interesting facts as an average basket size is $28 and approx. 225,000 transactions per year, averaging 4400 per week. The significance of this 250 E. Broad St. location includes access to all modes of transportation and being the first geographical food opportunity in that residential area.

Massey also gave a pep talk, comparing with statistics Co-Ops favorably to privately owned stores, indicating, for instance, that after 5 years 90% of the cooperatives are still in business and that money spent there goes back to local economy.

Good stuff!

Have you joined the BFC yet? Click here.

Mayoral candidate Reynolds: The Bethlehem Food Co-Op announces its location!

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J. William Reynolds for Mayor

Episode 8a: The Bethlehem Food Co-Op Announces its Location!

Bethlehem Food Co-Op

Bethlehem Food Co-Op

Episode 8a: The Bethlehem Food Co-Op Announces its Location!

J. William Reynolds for Mayor

“Curbside with the Co-Op” today 10-1 at new location!

Latest in a series of posts on the Bethlehem Food Co-Op

Visit the BFC site location: 250 E. Broad St.
planned opening 2022

— a state of the art grocery store
— brand-new building
— can design for our needs
— half a block from a bus stop
— close to the heart of downtown
— 100 parking spaces
— perhaps small cafe that opens to the sidewalk
— connects to Linden business corridor


250 E. Broad St.

250 E. Broad St.

Bethlehem Food Co-Op announces its store location at 250 E. Broad!

Latest in a series of posts on the Bethlehem Food Co-Op

Bethlehem Food Co-Op

coop logo

“Our food Co-Op is not just about opening a grocery store. Our Co-Op is about
strengthening our local food economy and bringing fresh, local, culturally
aware, and affordable food to an area and people who want and deserve it.”
Kelly Allen, BFC Board Chair

250 E. Broad St.

The Bethlehem Food Co-Op has signed a lease for the first floor of a brand-new 4-story building at 250 E. Broad St. The top three floors will be apartments. The BFC will have a spacious interior space and ample parking.

Can you picture the location? Old timers might remember the present building, if Gadfly is not mistaken, as housing a car dealer back in the day. It’s slightly west (toward downtown) of the intersection of Broad and Linden and across the street from Connell Funeral Home.

250 E. Broad St.

Listen here to BFC Board member Elliott Nolter review the history of the site search for a building location, the collaborators on the site selection and design, and something about the design itself.

So the next step is for current BFC members to stop by and take a look at the site and for prospective members to stop by as well and talk with a BFC rep about joining.

See the next post for details about an event today Saturday at the site for gawking and talking.

Bethlehem Food Co-Op

Where’s the Bethlehem Food Co-Op gonna be? Find out Friday night!

Latest in a series of posts on the Bethlehem Food Co-Op

Bethlehem Food Co-Op

“We want our own grocery store!”

What a story of grassroots community work. 11 years in the making. And now a major culmination Friday night. Brings tears of joy to the Gadfly’s eyes. For whom “community” is what he lives for.

  • Public Zoom Location Announcement (must register prior) – Friday, March 12 at 7:30 p.m. (register here:
  • “Curbside with the Co-Op,” Saturday, March 13, 10 a.m. – 1 p.m. at the site location announced Friday night

You don’t have to be a member of the BFC to share the great joy of the location announcement, and you won’t have to be a member to reap the benefit when the store opens, but what better time than now to join!

Bethlehem Food Co-Op

ref: The Bethlehem Food Co-Op news that you’ve been waiting for!
ref: Mayoral candidate Reynolds: The Bethlehem Food Co-Op

The Bethlehem Food Co-Op news you’ve been waiting for!

Latest in a series of posts on the Bethlehem Food Co-Op

Bethlehem Food Co-Op

selections from Sara K. Satullo, “The Bethlehem Food Co-op has a location. Here’s how to learn more about it.”, March 7, 2021.

Nearly a decade after the effort to bring a co-op grocery store to the city began, the Bethlehem Food Co-op has signed a lease for a property in a north Bethlehem downtown neighborhood.

But you’re going to have to wait almost a week to find out where.

The co-op is holding a virtual announcement party Friday, March 12 at 7:30 p.m. to share all of the details of the location with the public. Volunteers will share the address, a draft rendering of what the store will look like and plans to make the next steps happen, as well as an invitation to drive by the new site the next day.

The co-op is partnering with Peron Development and Boyle Construction on the project.

The volunteer-run nonprofit now has 770 member-owners. Food co-ops are grocery stores owned by members who get to shop at a discounted rate and take classes. Members pay a one-time fee of $300, and the co-op offers an installment plan. Anyone will be able to shop at the Bethlehem Food Co-op but they won’t share in the perks of membership.

The co-op’s real estate committee previously said it was evaluating available spaces in parts of the city’s north side, which is considered a food desert. The area is roughly bounded by Washington Avenue to the north, the Lehigh River to the south and extends from Stefko Boulevard to First or Second Avenue.

The co-op has said it needs about 4,500 square feet of retail space and about 2,500 square feet of storage space.

To register for the presentation and for more information, visit

Ketch up with what’s happenin’ at the Bethlehem Food Co-Op

Latest in a series of posts on the Bethlehem Food Co-Op

Great momentum going for the Bethlehem Food Co-Op, a community enterprise
aligned with the Gadfly mission. Have you joined yet?

Bethlehem Food Co-Op

Bethlehem Food Co-Op to share info and updates
The public is invited to “Ketch-Up with the Bethlehem Food Co-Op”, an online Zoom gathering scheduled for Thursday, Sept. 17 at 7 p.m.
The session will include a presentation about the group’s efforts to bring a full-service, community-owned grocery story to the north downtown area of Bethlehem. Lease negotiations are underway for the undisclosed location.
The co-op is a member-based organization, with each paying a one-time equity payment; this entitles them to vote on decisions about the organization and its operations. There are currently over 700 households that are members.
The Sept. 17 session will also share information about the co-op’s efforts in the area of education, community involvement, supporting local businesses and producers, and addressing issues of food insecurity in our area.
The co-op will meet for its Annual Meeting on Monday, Oct. 5 at 6:30 p.m. via Zoom.
For information on how to attend the Sept. 17 session, visit
Contact: Carol Burns, 610-428-9649

Ketch Up with what’s happenin’ at the Bethlehem Food Co-Op

logo Latest in a series of posts on the Bethlehem Food Co-Op logo

Great momentum going for the Bethlehem Food Co-Op, a community enterprise aligned with the Gadfly mission. Have you joined yet?

Bethlehem Food Co-Op

Coop 1

Press release August 14

Bethlehem Food Co-Op to share info and updates
The public is invited to “Ketch-Up with the Bethlehem Food Co-Op”, an online Zoom gathering scheduled for Thursday, Aug. 20 at 7 p.m.
The session will include a presentation about the group’s efforts to bring a full-service, community-owned grocery story to the north downtown area of Bethlehem. Lease negotiations are underway for the undisclosed location.
The co-op is a member-based organization, with each paying a one-time equity payment; this entitles them to vote on decisions about the organization and its operations.
In addition to the lease negotiations, the co-op recently hired an architect to design the interior of the store, issued a Request for Proposal for a Project Manager to guide the build-out, and finalized the job description for the store’s General Manager.
“We recently passed the 700 member mark,” said Kelly Allen, chair of the food co-op’s board. “This puts us in a great position as we get ready to announce our location and kick off a capital campaign for the financing we need. More members makes for a stronger co-op, and builds our case to secure funding.”
Thursday’s session will share information about the co-op’s efforts in the area of education, community involvement, supporting local businesses and producers, and addressing issues of food insecurity in our area.
“The pandemic has really shown how vulnerable we are to breaks in the food supply chain,” said Allen. “With our store we will offer an opportunity for local producers to sell their product, year-round, and for everyone – whether they are a member or not – to shop locally.”
For information on how to attend the session, visit the August 20 entry at
coop logo

The Bethlehem Food Co-Op: the question of Council members’ conflict of interest

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The first question Gadfly had was whether a for-profit like the Bethlehem Food Co-Op could qualify for a federal CBDG grant. All good, as he indicated last time.

The other threshold question about approving the Bethlehem Food Co-Op for the $100,000 federal grant was that of the possible City Council conflict of interest in voting since 6 of 7 members of Council are members — “owners” — of the Co-Op.

Solicitor Spirk parsed the legality of the Council members’ position and found no problem.

Council members’ proportionate ownership is extremely small, the dividends will be extremely small, and membership would not be an issue anyway, since Council could not act if the 6 members recused themselves. Sayeth the Solicitor.

To top things off, Council members spoke of not taking dividends but turning them back to the BFC.

Case closed on the question of conflict of interest.

Gadfly is satisfied that the Bethlehem Food Co-Op grant meets the funding criteria

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Gadfly would like to bring some closure to the discussion about whether or not the Bethlehem Food Co-op meets the criteria for funding by a Federal government CBDG grant.

Remember that the City approved $100,000 this year but that several residents raised reasonable questions, not about the mission of the Co-op (everybody is enthusiastic about that!) but whether it fit the guidelines for Federal funding.  (See “Co-op” on the Gadfly sidebar to refresh yourself on the discussion so far.)

At the November 6 City Council meeting (see Council video, min. 25), Gadfly (a BFC member) expressed support for the BFC but expressed desire that we had enough specific information about it to know that funding was “cleanly” done and that no “shadow” would fall on the BFC as it progressed forward.

In short, after obtaining additional information, Gadfly is satisfied that the BFC grant meets the funding criteria.

At the November 6 City Council meeting, a number of people spoke in support of the BFC funding (see video, part 1, min. 57:25 and video part 2, the opening 3:25 mins.).

Gadfly thought the presentation most effective at addressing in brief time the specific question of whether the BFC met the guidelines for CBDG funding in a positive manner was done by a woman whom he thinks was Colleen Marsh, past Head of the BFC (video part 2, the opening 3:25 mins.). Gadfly thinks you will find Colleen’s remarks a profitable 3 minutes.

Gadfly obtained the document package provided to prospective grant applicants plus both the 2018 and 2019 BFC applications for the CBDG grant via a Right-to-Know request to the City. Tip o’ the hat to the City staff.

As you can imagine, the paperwork for a government grant is long and dense.

But here are a few important highlights.

From the application package:


For fiscal year 2020, the BFC applied for $189,840 for physical improvements. The entire application (73 pages) is linked here: Bethlehem Food Co-Op 2019 application.

Here is a key “nutshell” statement of the project:


For most of us, the first 10 pages or so of BFC’s application will be the most pertinent. Gadfly always encourages followers to go to the primary source and make personal observation and judgments. But here are just a few selections from this opening portion of the application that struck him as fitting the grant guidelines:



There are Gadfly followers more skilled and experienced in such matters than he. Further comments, of course, always welcome.

Bethlehem Food Co-Op: enthusiasm for the project but concerns about financing

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Barbara Diamond enjoys retirement as Lehigh University Director of Foundation Relations by engaging in various activities and organizations hopefully for the betterment of the community. Her particular interests at the moment are preventing gun violence, local government ethics reform, and Bethlehem Democratic Committee work.

Dear Gadfly,

I have been following the recent commentary about the BFC. Many thanks to you for your research and Dana for his expertise to help us consider whether using these important grant programs are appropriate, especially in the amount proposed, for this purpose.

I am also a BFC member; I believe I was #297 or 298 at a time when the goal was 300 members to get off the ground. That was about 3 years ago. I understand that such a major endeavor takes more capital than originally expected.

I remain enthusiastic about the project, but I also have concerns about financing the project with such a large grant from those programs. Is the BFC the highest and best use of those precious community development funds? As you have proposed, the city should provide more information about why it selected this program for a grant of this significant amount.

I appreciate Kathy Fox’s comment about some of the good things the BFC is doing in the community and finding in their By-laws that they are a non-profit is reassuring.

I think it would be further reassuring if the public and the Council could learn from the city and/or the BFC about how the $200,000 + funds collected from the public so far have been deployed, as well as the $50,000 grant from the city. A bit of transparency would help.

Dana’s suggestion that the BFC consider a low-interest loan from the DCED seems like a good way to go too.


A funding option for the Bethlehem Food Co-Op

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Dana Grubb is a lifelong resident of the City of Bethlehem who worked 27 years for the City of Bethlehem in the department of community and economic development, as sealer of weights and measures, housing rehabilitation finance specialist, grants administrator, acting director of community and economic development, and deputy director of community development.

Thanks for your research, Gadfly.

In my mind, the City still needs to explain how it will achieve low/mod benefit. Job creation/retention was another possibility, and that is generally done through economic development loans. The DCED director did indicate that there is an economic development loan pool available. Whether CDBG is involved with that, I don’t know. In my time it was called FRED (Fund for Revitalization & Economic Development). If a loan was made and 51% of the jobs either retained or created were either offered to or filled by low/mod income individuals, compliance with the statutory objective was met. Of course everything was documented to support that and reported to HUD on performance reports.

I think it’s still important for the City to explain how it will achieve compliance on this allocation.

A low-interest economic development loan through the city’s DCED removes ethics and conflict of interest (real and perceived) from the equation.


The Bethlehem Food Co-Op: “It can be so much for the Bethlehem community” — but is taxpayer funding ok?

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Still thinking about the tension of funding the Bethlehem Food Co-Op with Federal government CDBG money through the City.

The question seems to be whether means and end are aligned.

No question — Gadfly says as a Co-Op member! — that the end is noble.

Listen to BFC Board member Kathy Fox (remember that Kathy posted about BFC activities a day or so ago) during audience discussion at a panel after Festival UnBound’s “Poets, Troubadours, and Troublemakers” event a few weeks ago.

“One of our goals in having a community-owned full service grocery store in downtown Bethlehem is to bring people together through food . . . Co-ops are much more than just a grocery store . . . It’s all about community . . .You have to educate . . . I talked to some of the Latinos that joined to find out just trying to find out what we have to do in order to make our store a place from your neighborhood would come to . . . It can be so much for the Bethlehem community . . . consider joining it to try to create this hub for our community, to shop and to meet and to talk and to learn.”

Noble cause, no question.

But even BFC member Gadfly was surprised at tax dollars as a means to that noble end.

And is hoping that the City can help clarify the issue.

Gadfly has had his share of grant application experience.

From his experience, he remembers applications, on the one hand, that are open-ended — just tell us what you want to do.

On the other hand, he remembers applications that are very specific — here are the specific goals of our program, tell us exactly how what you want to do fits these goals.

Gadfly feels that the application for a government grant would probably lean toward the latter kind of application.

And thus Gadfly feels that more information from the City about the BFC application and how the City saw that application in compliance with CDBG guidelines would help clear the air.

But Gadfly is still wondering about the question of Council members voting on a project that they “own”?

Anybody with ideas on that point?

Bethlehem Food Co-Op funding: Gadfly thinks the ball is in the City’s court

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We’re following the controversy over the Council approval of the City awarding $105,000 in Federal Government CDBG funds (HUD) to the Bethlehem Food Co-Op ($50,000 last year).

With a little online searching, Gadfly found several sites that related to CDBG funds and Co-Ops. (Along the way, Gadfly noted several references to the CDBG program as “flexible” and used often to “leverage” projects).

Can a non-profit like BFC qualify for CDBG funds?

A faithful follower of Gadfly has recently posted the opinion that food co-ops often receive CDBG funding.

Gadfly’s non-professional web search did pick up several instances of such funding.

A particularly good example, in fact, came from HUD itself:

The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG)
Serving Low- and Moderate- Income Neighborhoods since 1974
A Multi-Media Scrapbook
Department of Housing and Urban Development

The BFC application would have to fit the following general criteria that we have cited before (p. 2):

The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program helps local governments develop viable urban communities. It is an important and flexible program that is used to address one of three national objectives:

  • Benefit low- and moderate-income (LMI) persons;
  • Aid in the prevention or elimination of slums or blight; and,
  • Meet an urgent need of recent origin that the unit of general local government is unable to finance on its own.

A link in the scrapbook’s bullet 1, takes you to:

The following activities are different ways of meeting the national objective to benefit low- and moderate-income persons.

  • Activities carried out in neighborhoods, consisting predominantly of persons of low- and moderate-income, to provide services for such persons, can qualify under the LMI Area Benefit national objective.
  • Activities involving facilities, designed for use predominantly by persons of low- and moderate-income, can qualify under the LMI Limited Clientele national objective.
  • Activities that involve the acquisition or rehabilitation of property to provide housing, which upon completion will be occupied by low- and moderate-income persons, can qualify under the LMI Housing national objective.
  • Activities involving employment of persons, a majority of whom are persons of low- and moderate-income, can qualify under the LMI Jobs national objective.

Gadfly can’t be sure, but bullets #1 and #2 seem most probably the ones pertinent to BFC. So let’s look at them.

More on Bullet #1:

Examples may include the following when they are located in a predominately LMI neighborhood:

  • Acquisition of land to be used as a neighborhood park
  • Infrastructure improvements, such as sidewalks, in a residential neighborhood
  • Construction of a health clinic
  • Development of a community center

The activities listed above benefit all residents in the service area (that is predominately LMI) and thus are the type of activities that may qualify under the LMI Area Benefit national objective.

More on Bullet #2:

Examples include:

  • Acquisition of building to be used as shelter for homeless persons
  • Rehabilitation of a center for persons with disabilities to learn life skills
  • Demolition and clearance of a building to prepare a site for a future senior center
  • Public service activities such as provision of health care primarily for lower-income clients

The listed examples qualify under the Limited Clientele national objective because the beneficiaries can be identified as LMI residents.

Then go to Economic Opportunities (pp. 18-19) and find — mirabile dictu! — a main example of a food co-op and links to a couple other food co-ops.

A business like a food co-op seems to need to qualify in one of two ways:

Projects providing essential goods and services will typically qualify either on the basis of:

LMI Area Benefit.

To qualify under the LMI Area Benefit National Objective, the service area must be primarily residential in nature. There must be documentation that the business is providing essential goods and services to that service area population. Goods and services might include grocery stores, dry cleaners, pharmacies, health care, etc. A high-end boutique or souvenir shop would not be considered as providing essential goods and services.


LMI Job Creation/Retention.

A Job Creation/Retention activity is one that creates or retains permanent jobs, 51% of which are held by or made available to LMI persons. Jobs indirectly created by an assisted activity (i.e., trickle-down jobs) may not be counted.

Gadfly sees nothing that says non-profits can’t receive CDBG funds, which was a question he and others had.

And a food co-op is a highlighted example of a HUD-funded project in a HUD document, so there would seem to be no hindrance to such a proposal under HUD guidelines.


The City DCED administrator told us that applications for the CDBG funds were examined internally for compliance with HUD regulations, which, Gadfly assumes, means the points he has outlined above.

The City no doubt has to ultimately certify that compliance in pretty specific detail for HUD.

Gadfly is not sure whether at this early date — that is, prior to Council approval — that the final HUD paperwork would be filled out.

But the City could provide or at least describe the BFC application and explain how it is in compliance with the HUD guidelines we see above (perhaps last year’s application as well).

Just what is BFC saying it will specifically do with the money?

And that would seem to settle the issue.

At this point Gadfly — feeling less like the Benedict Arnold of the co-op movement — is leaning toward the position that an award to BFC would be legitimate (if all bureaucratic minutia is satisfied, of course).

And that the ball is in the City’s court to explain the compliance in more detail to answer the questions raised.

But what about the objection that City Council members are voting on a project in which they are “owners”?


Chatter around Gadfly’s water-cooler about funding the Bethlehem Food Co-Op through a government grant

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Gadfly’s ear has picked up the following:

  • I think I’ve convinced myself that the store will have a significant impact on low-income residents, especially if it’s located on/very near a bus line.
  • How many low-income people have paid to join the Co-Op?
  • The city government should stay out of private business.
  • What are the results of the William Penn program? I haven’t heard of it.
  • No one says it has to be located in a “blighted” area but that would certainly be a plus, especially as far as CDBG is concerned.
  • What programs in other cities are the Co-Op following?
  • The problem with low/mod benefit is that you need to be able to justify and quantify it to qualify for funding.
  • To my mind, you just take the hand of the needy and share your table with them. Simple.
  • The CDBG funds are “once and done” — when the store is open it will not need that kind of funding. Unlike, say, a non-profit offering a service, which in theory will be back year after year unless the need goes away (not likely).
  • Is there anything on the BFC web site that would indicate its mission with low and moderate income families? It would not appear so.
  • “The end doesn’t justify the means.”
  • Presumably BFC will be paying more property taxes than the current building owner, the process of improving the building will provide jobs and purchase of materials from local sources, and the store, when open, will provide new jobs. So definitely adding to the local economy.
  • It’s a noble effort but shouldn’t receive public funds.
  • If I was sitting in a Council seat I could convince myself to vote for it, on its merits. But I do admit that I find the potential conflict of interest question an interesting one, as the potential to profit from the Co-Op is real.
  • If the City ok’d it, it should be ok.
  • With so many Council members — and the mayor — members, what would Robert’s Rules of Order dictate if they all recused themselves?
  • It does seem odd that “blight,” which is in the CDBG guidelines, gets so little and the BFC, whose status is a bit questionable, gets so much.
  • Have other Co-Ops across the country successfully applied for CDBG funding? Or   have they been deemed ineligible?
  • Is it “Co-Op” or “Co-op”?

What are you hearing?

A simple question about Council votes on the Bethlehem Food Co-Op

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Stephen F. Thode is Professor Emeritus, Department of Finance and Law, Lehigh University.


Let me frame this as a simple question:

Do Members of Bethlehem City Council believe it is ethical for a Council Member to participate in a decision to grant public money (taxpayer dollars) to an entity for which that Council Member is an owner, and, therefore, has a financial interest in the outcome?


In a previous communication, Steve advises that “owner” is “the word the Co-Op itself uses.” Gadfly had been wondering how membership in BFC differs from membership in, say, the YMCA/YWCA, of which, it is conceivable, some or all Councilpersons are members, and which has been awarded funding too. Should membership in the Y trigger recusal as well? But the idea of ownership, that BFC members benefit financially (discounts, sales, etc.), probably answers Gadfly’s question.

Funding the Bethlehem Food Co-Op: concerns about compliance

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Dana Grubb is a lifelong resident of the City of Bethlehem who worked 27 years for the City of Bethlehem in the department of community and economic development, as sealer of weights and measures, housing rehabilitation finance specialist, grants administrator, acting director of community and economic development, and deputy director of community development.


Regarding competition for the CDBG & HOME funding, one of the weaknesses in City Hall is the lack of dissemination of the availability of the applications using the City’s website to make these kinds of announcements. That being said, I think the competition is found more in the amounts requested (over $324,000) versus what is awarded (over $190,000). Under the “Other” category I did notice a few different proposed recipients.

As far as the $155,000 allocation to the Bethlehem Food Co-op, $50,000 in 2019 and an additional $105,000 proposed for 2020, the question and my concerns expressed have absolutely nothing to do with the merits of that initiative. My concerns are about compliance, which means meeting the legal requirements of the federal Community Development Act of 1974. Nobody has explained how allocation of this funding will benefit clientele in which 51% or more qualify as low and moderate income in order to meet both the legal and regulatory requirements for CDBG.

When I asked the DCED director after the meeting how these requirements were being met, she shrugged her shoulders as if to say, “I don’t know.” Well, how can you recommend that a Mayor include this allocation and that Council approve it if you don’t know how it qualifies? There hasn’t been one example given how funding a food co-op will benefit primarily low and moderate income residents. I’m assuming the co-op will be open to all residents, yet 51% of Bethlehem’s population is not low and moderate income. Have the 660 members been surveyed to see if 51% are low and moderate income? I doubt that. So where is the statutorily required low/mod benefit?

Councilman Reynolds’ comments served to prove my second concern about conflict of interest as he touted his membership #141 and praised the initiative of the Bethlehem Food Co-op. Unfortunately, cheerleading something in which an elected official has a financial interest is not the way to go. The promise of future member benefits such as special sales/deals and already existing benefits of discounts at an array of Bethlehem businesses have monetary value that can add up if the Co-op is successful. THAT does not read well and it was similar conditions that lead to a Grand Jury investigation into a former City Councilwoman who was forced to resign because of her conflict of interest between her elected office and the non-profit she was involved with. Elected officials seldom seem to learn from other errors.

Councilman Reynolds should only be concerned about compliance with the federal law!

So, what should happen. First, I would question the need for $5,000 for operations. At $350 for each of 660 co-op members, a total of $231,000 should have been collected. Operations should come from that pot, not from taxpayers. Why is anything needed for operations? Was an audit submitted with the application to demonstrate the sound financial management of co-op memberships collected? Second, is there a way to justify low and moderate income benefit for the additional $50,000 already allocated and the additional $100,000 requested? I believe there is, but is it my responsibility to outline how? And it may reduce the amount needed for physical fit-out of a co-op facility if it’s used in a way that complies with federal law and CDBG program regulations.

So, here is my suggestion if anyone cares to listen. The $150,000 (or less if it costs less) total should be used for ADA (Americans with Disability Act) improvements ONLY when the co-op is constructed. Accessible checkout stations, ADA certified entrance doors, ADA restrooms, etc. HUD recognizes a “presumed” low/mod benefit when ADA improvements are completed using CDBG. Of course at this point there are no construction estimates to base this on, which if I were still running the CDBG program would be problematic.

In the end, the issue of conflict of interest, perceived or real, is the biggest hurdle to overcome in my opinion. And as I suggested to the DCED director, a low interest economic development loan is ultimately the best path to follow, because no elected official who is a co-op member would need to weigh in on that and cast a vote.

I administered grants, including CDBG and HOME, for the City of Bethlehem for 16 years of my 27 year city career. The city does not want to be caught misspending any grant money, let alone federal grant money. You want to build trust with funding agencies by administering grants based on law and regulations, not happy feelings that something is good for your community. For several years the City of Chester, Pennsylvania, lost its federal funding and had to repay all of it. Bethlehem does not want to fall into that trap, and it’s best if City officials, both elected and appointed, cross their tees and dot their eyes so it doesn’t ever happen!


Remember that Dana spoke at Monday’s Community Development meeting, and we provided the video here on Gadfly on Wednesday. Dana elaborates in this post on the two points he made at that meeting. Note that in the previous post, Kathy Fox does give an example of the kind of activity that Dana mentions as missing in his third paragraph. Gadfly appreciates the way Dana provides options/solutions to the problems he sees for a project that has merit.

Responding to some skepticism about the Bethlehem Food Co-op’s commitment to lower and middle income families

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Kathy Fox is a member of the Bethlehem Environmental Advisory Council, a co-chair of the Northampton County Council of Democratic Women’s Environmental Committee, and a member of the Board of Directors of the Bethlehem Food Co-op.  Kathy involves herself in positive organizations and activities that foster community, environmental awareness, education, and good health.

Bethlehem Food Co-Op

Food is Our First Medicine

For me, attending the Community Development Committee meeting was an opportunity to thank the City of Bethlehem and the Community Development Committee for supporting many organizations which submitted applications for Community Development Block Grants.  The Bethlehem Food Co-op appreciates being included as one of the recommended recipients of grant monies.

I’d like to expand upon the phrase “Food is Our First Medicine,” mentioned by me last evening [Monday] at the Community Development Committee meeting.  You can look at this phrase from many angles.  I like “Food is our First Medicine” because it speaks to many levels.  For our personal health, eating foods produced locally and by environmentally friendlier methods give you much more nutritionally dense foods and improves physical and mental health.  For our surrounding environment, cleaner growing methods mean cleaner water, air, and soil.  For the community, “Food is our First Medicine” is about building a healthy, diverse, and inclusive community through healthy, communal meals for all and commonality of needing and enjoying food, through a grocery store which is committed to our local people, not distant shareholders, through education by the Bethlehem Food Co-op in our elementary schools via our Community Hubs Program and other courses taught by our members.

In response to some skepticism about the Food Co-op’s commitment to lower and middle income families (note that the BFC will be open to ALL to shop, not just members), it is a fact that some of BFC board members and volunteers were unable to attend last night’s meeting because they were facilitating our Community Hubs program at one of Bethlehem City’s elementary schools. For the program, the Co-op works with the principal to find lower income families who are interested in healthier eating and lifestyles, and involvement in their community.  We meet with the families quarterly, provide them with healthy dinners graciously donated by some of our local restaurants, discuss nutrition, community, and what their families would like to see at the co-op.  After completing the year-long course, we have generous benefactors who provide household memberships to the Co-op to the families who attended all the sessions.  Additionally, we have a scholarship program supported by other local families and businesses, which search for families on some type of assistance who also have an interest in healthier lifestyles and who participate/volunteer in their community. You can see involvement in community is a very important aspect of the Co-op.  When the Co-op opens, we will have additional ways to include people from all economic backgrounds.  Meanwhile, we depend on the vast majority of our members to pay their own way to support the Co-op’s mission.  The co-op is much more than just a grocery store, its goal is to be an integral, stable part of the community.

I’m very proud to be part of an all-volunteer organization which believes in giving their time, talent, and financial support to help the community as whole rather than for personal monetary gain.  Everyone is invited to attend our events and join our BFC team to assist us in creating a safe place, third place, healthy place, community-oriented, and inclusive place for ALL.  I encourage skeptics to make a positive investment in the Bethlehem community by becoming a member and volunteer for some of our committees, projects, classes, and events.


Now the specific examples in the core of Kathy’s essay are precisely what Gadfly was looking for in the previous post on Councilman Reynolds’ defense of the BFC. Those examples specifically address part of the objections by Grubb and Haines, showing the BFC operating within CDBG guidelines. Hurrah! But this conversation is not over.

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Funding the Bethlehem Food Co-Op: “There’s not a project more important in the City of Bethlehem than the Bethlehem Food Co-Op”

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Bethlehem Food Co-Op

We’re following the argument against funding the Bethlehem Food Co-Op $105,000 with funds from the Housing and Urban Development CDBG program administered by the City of Bethlehem.

Remember that though all the proposed CDBG allocations were approved by the Community Development committee last Monday, the “package” will still have to be approved by full Council.

Councilman Reynolds forcefully countered the questions raised and the positions taken against funding BFC that we presented in the last post in this series.

Let’s look at how he did that.

  • There’s not a project more important in the City of Bethlehem than the Bethlehem Food Co-Op.
  • The Co-Op is providing something to this City . . . through not just the organization and the services that are being provided at William Penn Elementary School and Thomas Jefferson Elementary School, but there’s also a spirit — how do we create things that benefit every single person in the City of Bethlehem.
  • People look at it as being about food security and about shopping and to be able to make your own choice, but it is much more than that — it is about how you create a sustainable city.
  • I hear the stories of the kids who walk home past Allen High School, and I don’t blame them when they are going to McDonald’s or they’re going to Burger King, because they are the only food options that they have around.
  • This is an issue of equity, it’s an issue of social justice, it is an environmental issue.
  • When you look at the growth that has occurred, it is growth that has occurred by spreading the idea of the Co-Op without even having a location that is announced yet.
  • And it is that idea and that spirit that we can create a third place for people, a place where people don’t just go to work and where they live but it brings the community together, and we don’t have a lot of those in this city.
  •  What we do have in this city is private businesses that look for tax incentives.
  • There is not a vote that I am prouder of than I am to vote for the Co-Op because of what it represents for the future of this city.
  • It has not been an easy path to get to this point of 660 members.
  • This is what it means to be part of a community.
  • This is how you put together real change in a community.
  • It is an example of what our city can be when we look at what we can accomplish when we come together.
  • I’ll bet that if there was an idea that there would be even one comment about the Co-Op [tonight] that we could have gotten all 660 households to come to this particular meeting to talk about what [BFC] means to this community.
  • In a day and age where a lot of people think that the government doesn’t stand up for these kinds of projects and these types of missions. [the support from all areas] is a real testament to what this community can be and what people are able to accomplish when they come together for a mission that goes beyond their own self-interest.

BFC could not have a more vigorous defender on Council than JWR.

He is a powerful speaker, a spellbinder, in fact, and he was totally engaged, totally in high gear.

“There’s not a project more important in the City of Bethlehem than the Bethlehem Food Co-Op,” he asserted —  but that’s a claim that even this BFC supporter felt a bit of a stretch.

“There is not a vote that I am prouder of than I am to vote for the Co-Op because of what it represents for the future of this city,” he asserted — but, again, that’s a claim that even this BFC supporter felt a bit of a stretch.

Frankly, Gadfly felt JWR overdid with such statements in BFC’s defense.

Doffing his BFC cap for a time and donning his professorial robe, Gadfly was looking for  reasonable arguments from JWR specifically aimed at Haines’s reasonable arguments.

For BFC isn’t a non-profit, and it would be in competition with other food stores, and when Gadfly canvassed the City for his collage of yard signs, he wasn’t finding them in low and moderate income areas.

So one question is how is BFC meeting the federal guidelines?

Apparently the BFC is doing some program with William Penn and Thomas Jefferson. That’s the kind of down-to-earth detail nerdy Gadfly was looking for from JWR (or somebody) to show that BFC complied with CDBG guidelines of tending to the welfare of low and moderate income folk.

Instead, Gadfly felt JWR’s emphasis on BFC as a well structured, unique program populated by a fiery, loyal, ever-growing membership that, tapping the power of community (Gadfly’s aphrodisiac word!), is a model for social change and progress was, while true, somewhat off-point.

Ok, BFCers are great people (hey, I’m one of them!) running a great program.

But how does the BFC specifically meet the bureaucratic guideline in regard to low and moderate income families that enables it to receive taxpayer dollars?

And how does the BFC answer the objection that it will operate in the free market enjoying the advantage of a not-so-hidden-hand helping it along.

Gadfly feels that JWR’s enthusiastic superlatives — with which, remember, Gadfly agrees! — still miss the point of the reasonable objections raised.

Ha! Gadfly, you say, if you are on the side of the BFC, why don’t you just shut up!

Gadfly is such a complicated person.

He’s starting to feel like the Benedict Arnold of the co-op world.

But he likes to make sure things are done by the book.

The next post helps in that respect.

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Funding the Bethlehem Food Co-Op: “Philosophically, we’re on the wrong path”

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Bethlehem Food Co-Op

Full disclosure: Gadfly is a member of the Bethlehem Food Co-Op, supports it, has talked it up with family and friends, has promoted it here on Gadfly, hopes to live to enjoy its “fruits” and to see it flourish. Gadfly published a collage of member yard signs with the caption: “Gadfly loves everything that speaks community.” The BFC is squarely aligned with the mission of the Gadfly project. But Gadfly must admit that he was not expecting to see the BFC receive City support. His understanding when he joined in February 2019 was that the BFC was drawing its financial base from the membership.

So the only problem raised with the proposed City allocation of CDBG funds at the Community Development meeting Monday night related to the Bethlehem Food Co-Op allocation of $105,000 (it had received another $50,000 last year).

The problem was three-fold:

1) Do the proposed BFC activities fit the criteria for CDBG funding?
2) Since at least 6 of 7 Council members are BFC members, is there a conflict of interest?
3) Should government be funding a private business?

In testimony Gadfly provided to you Wednesday, Dana Grubb, without denigrating BFC but seemingly quoting criteria for CDBG funds, noted that he had heard no argument made for BFC supporting low and moderate income folk, apparently a necessary criterion for CDBG funds.

In her presentation (also provided Wednesday), the City Administrator did not specify criteria against which applications were judged but did say the applications were reviewed internally for compliance.

Gadfly finds thefollowing statement relating to criteria for CDBG funds on the HUD web site:

Over a 1, 2, or 3-year period, as selected by the grantee, not less than 70 percent of CDBG funds must be used for activities that benefit low- and moderate-income persons. In addition, each activity must meet one of the following national objectives for the program: benefit low- and moderate-income persons, prevention or elimination of slums or blight, or address community development needs having a particular urgency because existing conditions pose a serious and immediate threat to the health or welfare of the community for which other funding is not available.

Now Gadfly would assume that BFC’s grant application, which was not made public and therefore not known to Dana, would have addressed this criteria, and BFC’s Kathy Fox said in her comments (yet also provided in Wednesday’s post) that the application “did an excellent job of outlining the local economic, social continuing benefits of food cooperatives,” so she indeed did not specifically address at the meeting the criteria to which Dana referred. Presumably all that was done in the application, which, if Dana had seen, might have made him feel more comfortable.

Bruce Haines — again without rancor, without hostility, and with respect for the BFCers — objected that the market should determine the need for such a food business, that the city-supported BFC would be competing with other private businesses, that BFC members should be footing the bill, and that an important City program — the blight program — was being slighted, receiving only $5000.

Now you can imagine that Haines was not the most popular fellow in the room populated with BFCers for voicing these positions. And the BFC has an army 660 strong! He’d have had trouble getting a “bless you” for a sneeze. He knew what he was in the eyes of that audience, however, the skunk at the garden party. Great image!

  • I hate to be a skunk at the garden party here tonight.
  • I thoroughly support any grants that go to the social service agencies in the City the help the low income and the children that need help.
  • We were funding a business that was essentially a viable private enterprise business.
  • The market place will determine whether there is a need for a grocery store, food service in a certain location.
  • If the demand is so strong the private market for the food and grocery business is a very, very viable market with adequate funding, adequate capital, adequate equity.
  • I don’t think the City of Bethlehem should be in the business for allocating funds to an entity that competes with the private economy.
  • This is really, I think, a misuse of the funds and a misallocation of the funds, and every effort should be made to allocating the funds to the social services and the needs of the needy.
  • To take $105,000 out of blight remediation and blight administration . . . this doesn’t make sense.
  • We need to put money toward the blight program to clean up the City.
  • We shouldn’t be funding a business that’s going to complete with a very healthy, private, vibrant business, and the government doesn’t belong in that business.
  • If the community wants it, then the equity for the construction should come from the community members not the public taxpayer.
  • I’m not here to denigrate any person, I just think philosophically we’re on the wrong path.

But Gadfly felt that, unpleasant and unexpected as it was to this BFC member, Haines’s position was a reasonable one — actually a classic philosophical position — and thus deserving of reasonable answer.

What do you think? Of course, BFC does (will do) good work. But is it ok to fund it this way? How would you lean?

Gadfly always likes to play Councilperson. It helps us understand the responsibility that comes with that job. And the nature of the people we have elected

Councilman Reynolds did respond. We’ll go there next.